Fruits vs vegetables are part of a balanced and healthy diet. However, most people are not clear on both terms. Therefore, the concept can get caught up and create a misconception. But the truth is that there are very important differences. So, if you’ve ever wondered, is tomato a fruit? Or, is the avocado a vegetable or a fruit? Don’t worry, here are some facts about fruits vs vegetables.
Difference between fruits vs vegetables
The terms vegetable and fruit are not used in a technical way. They are also not used in botany with the usual meaning to which we are accustomed. In general, a fruit is the part of the fruit that we can eat. In other words, it is the fertilized ovary that the plant creates around the seeds. The fruit is the part of the fruit that allows the reproductive function in plants.
On the other hand, a vegetable is another part of the plant that people consume as food. For example, the stems, leaves, or flowers. Even if these elements become popular, the term “vegetable” is immediately applicable. Vegetable is quite a vague word and can even lead to confusion. But, it is useful for day-to-day.
A fruit is the whole seed or fleshy part of the flowers of a plant. But, with a degree of maturity necessary for human consumption. The fruit allows to protect and distribute the seeds. In addition, infructescences are formed by a set of simple seeds. As in the case of raspberries and blackberries. Fruits are eaten raw because when ripe they are easier to digest. However, it is also possible to make jam, sweets or prepare juices.
- Most of the fruits have bright and varied colors. Because this serves to get the attention of the animals. In order for them to consume them and disperse the seeds.
- The best point of consumption is when they are ripe.
- Also, there are fruits that have specific ripening seasons. For example, mangoes in summer.
- Best of all are the nutritional benefits they provide. Among these we have proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and antioxidants.
- In addition, these foods come from trees and shrubs with longer duration.
Fleshy: This type of fruit is composed of approximately 50% water. For example, watermelon, avocado, apples, among others.
Dry: Here, the edible part is less than 50% water. As in the case of walnuts, almonds, and hazelnuts.
Composite: This type is formed by some ovaries such as raspberries and pineapple.
Oilseeds: These are fruits used to obtain oils for human consumption. For example, sunflower, sesame, peanut, coconut, or sesame.
Tomato: Fruit or Vegetable?
Within the topic of fruits vs vegetables, the question about tomatoes is one of the main ones. But obviously, the tomato is a fruit. Because it contains seeds of the plant. However, to understand the confusion we must go back to 1887 in the United States. At that time. The Supreme Court approved a law in which imported vegetables were owed for tax. Something that left fruits exempt.
Then the tomato importers wanted to avoid the tax. Therefore, they created arguments by citing biologists to show that the tomato was a fruit. Also, this fits the designated botanical term. The government was not very clear on these arguments. They said that if the tomato was served in salads or desserts, it did not make it a vegetable. This decision was involved with botanical terms. And, this was the one that caused confusion until today.
What are strawberries?
Strawberries are another special case worth mentioning. It turns out that strawberries are not really fruits, they are fruit. It is about the union of fruits that grow too close together and it seems that it was only one. In fact, the little dots are not seeds. These are tiny fruits and within these are the seeds.
Fruits vs Vegetables: What is a vegetable?
A vegetable is the edible, green part of a vegetable. In fact, most of these have a season with more production. However, vegetables grow in greenhouses all year round. Vegetables are consumed when they are in a state of development. For example, beans or green beans.
- The green color is the one that characterizes most of the vegetables.
- This food is consumed when it has not yet matured.
- Usually, there are vegetables that are grown at different times of the year. But, in greenhouses, it is possible to keep them all year round.
- Also, vegetables come from annual or biannual plants.
Leaves: lettuce, spinach, chard.
Fruits: pepper, cucumber, pumpkin.
Inflorescence: artichokes, broccoli, cauliflower.
Stems: fennel, celery, asparagus.
Legume seeds: corn, peas, beans.
Fruits vs vegetables: How to disinfect them?
Both foods are important and healthy for our health. These have different properties and benefits for our bodies. In addition, they make us less susceptible to some diseases. These foods are generally eaten raw. And, for this reason, it is necessary to wash them properly before ingesting them.
Fruits and vegetables become contaminated throughout the process. Especially during planting, cultivation, and storage. This contamination can be caused by the use of pesticides or dirt. For this reason, it is necessary to wash food well to reduce health risks. Water alone removes dirt, but it is necessary to add a natural product to obtain a greater effect. For example, you can use vinegar or lemon.
Steps to disinfect fruits and vegetables
Through these simple steps, you can disinfect your food naturally:
The first thing you have to do, first of all, is wash your hands well so as not to further contaminate the food.
Next, you will need to wash the fruits and vegetables before cutting or peeling them. Because when you wash them whole, you prevent pathogens from getting inside.
Then place the food for at least two minutes under the water tap or, if you prefer, in a container with water. Also, you can use a brush or sponge to remove dirt.
If you bought the fruits with leaves or something, remove them. Because these can also be a source of contamination.
Finally, to disinfect them you can use different products. For example, baking soda. All you have to do is dilute a tablespoon of baking soda in a liter of water. Then place the food for 10 minutes to soak. Another product that you can use is vinegar and the process is the same as with bicarbonate.
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