Fake news is not a new topic. Because they exist since the beginning of the journalistic profession. However, they have become a serious problem in recent years. In general, this is due to different channels that allow the stories to change their course. In a surprisingly fast way around the world. Content creation tools are also involved in this topic. Therefore, people can create different texts and make them viral.
On the other hand, the topic of fake news is a bit complicated. This term is not used solely in its simplest definition. Since 2017, the Merriam-Webster organization has released another meaning of this term. It turns out that Fake News is being used to describe a harmful story to an agent, person, or entity. That is, as a weapon to avoid critical voices.
However, fake news within a conventional concept is a great challenge for everyone. Currently, some companies like Google invest money to detect misinformation. But all these efforts are not enough. All people also play an important role. So they should apply the steps Udemy describes:
How to defend yourself from fake news?
Within this topic, the most important thing is to have better habits of interaction with the media. Some misleading articles go viral in seconds. However, they also manage to hurt themselves a lot. Because of the way people find out about all the events in the world. In other words, we always trust the media with like-minded ideologies. Also, in other cases the reading of these is superficial.
Usually, people go to social media to find out about the news. But, it is essential to seek new means of information. Therefore, to avoid fake news, it is important to expand the menu of established channels. In order to achieve a regular diet. Because the more points of view, the easier it will be to build a more realistic vision.
Investigate all sources
All responsible media add references from where they got the information for the story. This is an easy way to distinguish them from fake news portals. In general, these choose to include very specific cases to publish a reality. Of course, these are news stories created to drive a specific narrative.
The main idea is to find that the original material exists. Also, that it has been issued by a reliable place and that the meaning is not misinterpreted. We recommend you check the fact-checking sites.
Fake images in fake news
Sometimes the new information is photographs that do not tell the reality of the story. For example, an image of a humanitarian crisis from years ago. In order to criticize a current project or administration. Within this aspect, it is necessary to investigate a little about the subject. Also, look for photos to verify that all the content is true.
Another important topic is deepfakes. Technology advances in surprising ways. Hence, it allows malicious actors to forge celebrity videos. In general, these are not perfect. However, many of them can start fake news and mislead people. For this reason, you have to monitor different elements such as the mouth and eyes.
The tabloid titles
The overall goal of fake news is to go viral. Also, get it to reach as many people as possible. For this reason, the titles incite indignation or morbidity. In the same way, you have to be careful of the notes that you wander in your titles.
Also, it is very common for fake news to include capital letters and very short titles. These items are perfect to get everyone’s attention. Because they are easier and faster to read and understand. Therefore, if you find articles with these characteristics, analyze them more carefully.
Post-truth and fake news
Within the dissemination of information, post-truth and fake news are two present phenomena. Both contribute to the distortion of all the facts. These terms have become commonplace. Despite the fact that many people do not understand its meaning. On the other hand, the term post-truth was used for the first time in 1992. Through an essay written by Steve Tesich in The Nation.
Wikipedia tells us that, in 2004, Ralph Keyes used the concept “was post-truth.” In his book called “The Post-Truth Era: Dishonesty and Deception in Contemporary Life.” Also, in the same year, Eric Alterman added the term “post-truth presidency.” Through his analysis of George W. Bush’s presidential statements.
Post-truth or emotional lie
Post-truth is a term used when shaping public opinion. Through this, the facts have less influence on personal emotions and beliefs. Within politics, post-truth focuses on appeals to emotions. Furthermore, this differs from the traditional falsification of the truth. In order to give it secondary importance. On the other hand, some authors only consider it as falsehood, scam, or lie.
Fake news is tabloid journalism that is based on disinformation. These are false or intentionally misleading. They usually use flashy headlines or fabricated news. In order to increase the number of readers and income per click through the internet. Also, this last case is similar to clickbait headlines. These are based on ad revenue regardless of the veracity of the stories.
Currently, some factors have been implicated in the spread of fake news. They have even come to offer legitimate news competition. For example, easy access to online ad revenue. The popularity of social media. Also, the increase in political polarization.
An analysis by Buzzfeed found a novelty in the news of the US presidential election in 2016. The top 20 fake news stories received the most engagement on Facebook. Compared to the top 20 news stories from 19 media outlets.
As a result of the above, there are more and more fake news sites. Furthermore, they lack known editors who resort to defamation. Also, the relevance of fake news increased a post-truth reality. Because of this, researchers are working on a psychological “vaccine.” In order to help people detect this type of erroneous news.